Only travellers who have been fully vaccinated with a recognised vaccine will be welcomed, with a test within three days of the flight
Eighteen months after a presidential proclamation from 唐纳德·特朗普 closed off the US to British visitors, American officials say the travel ban will be lifted from “early November” – for fully-vaccinated travellers only.
But how will the new rules work?
What are the current rules?
Visitors who have been in the UK or the European Union within the previous 14 days have been banned from travelling to the US since March 2020.
A presidential proclamation outlawing direct arrivals was made by Donald Trump, who lifted it very briefly at the end of his White House tenure – only for his successor, 乔拜登, to re-impose it.
The decree applies to all travellers except American citizens and foreigners with right of residence in the US.
The ban has looked increasingly unjustifiable, since the US remained open to arrivals from more than 100 other countries, many of them with more serious Covid concerns.
Besides the damage to tourism, it has proved extremely harsh for people with family or partners in the US.
Are there any ways around the ban?
是的, people with a compassionate reason to travel to the US– or whose presence is held to be beneficial to the American nation – may be granted permission.
But most travellers with pressing reasons to go to the US have “laundered” their status – by spending two weeks in a third country, usually Mexico, before continuing by air (land borders are closed) to an American airport.
What is changing?
From early November – exact date to be confirmed – the blanket travel ban will be lifted on the UK, Europe and the other nations that have been blocked during the coronavirus pandemic – China, Iran, 巴西, South Africa and India.
Fully vaccinated travellers from these countries will then be able to enter on the normal terms: presenting a visa or an Esta (America’s online entry permit). They will not need to quarantine on arrival.
What constitutes “fully vaccinated”?
Completing a course of jabs with a vaccine authorised for emergency use by the World Health Organisation (WHO). These are Oxford AstraZeneca, Janssen (约翰逊 & 约翰逊), 现代的, and Pfizer/BionTech, as well as two Chinese vaccines: Sinopharm and Sinovac.
(The US Food & Drug Administration recognises fewer vaccines, and has not yet approved Oxford AstraZeneca, but that is not relevant to travellers – WHO recognition is sufficient.)
What about children who have not been vaccinated?
They are likely to be allowed in with testing but not quarantine, though this has not been officially confirmed.
Any other requirements?
Get a test no more than three days before travel – or provide proof that you have recovered from Covid-19 in the past three months.
The US Centers for Disease Control also advises that you should have a second test three, four or five days after arrival.
A cheap and rapid antigen (lateral flow) test is acceptable – no need to take a PCR.
Be aware that individual states have their own rules or recommendations.
例如, the Hawaii Tourism Authority says: “We are strongly advising visitors that now is not the right time to travel, and they should postpone their trips through the end of October.”
Will I be able to find a transatlantic flight?
Airlines have been running flights between the UK and US throughout the coronavirus pandemic. These have mostly carriage essential workers and, latterly, US citizens who have been allowed to visit the UK with proof of vaccination.
然而, there is likely to be a surge in bookings for flights immediately after the ban lifts, due to all the pent-up demand to see families and friends. It is likely that airlines will quickly ramp up flights, so after the first few days fares will settled down and availability should rise.