Ms Justice Siobhan Keegan delivered her conclusion into what became known locally as the Ballymurphy Massacre at the International Conference Centre in Belfast (ICC) on Tuesday afternoon.
Ten people were killed between 9 and 11 August 1971 as internment was introduced in Northern Ireland – a practice where paramilitary suspects were held indefinitely without trial.
Among those killed were a mother of eight and a Catholic priest.
The families of the deceased said their relatives were unarmed civilians who were shot by the army’s parachute regiment without justification
Army veterans have said they came under sustained attack as violence erupted on 9 August when soldiers moved into republican strongholds to arrest IRA suspects.