Sri Lanka declares state of emergency over food shortages

Sri Lanka declares state of emergency over food shortages
New measures gives authorities the power to seize stocks of food and detain those found to be hoarding essential supplies

スリランカ has declared a state of emergency after basic food supplies began running low as a foreign exchange crisis in the country sees private banks struggling to pay for imports.

Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the south Asian nation’s president, announced the measure in order to prevent the hoarding of essential items including rice and sugar.

The new ruling gives authorities the power to seize stocks of food and detain those found to be hoarding supplies.

It follows a steep rise in prices for staples such as potatoes, onions and rice and shortages of items like milk powder and cooking gas.

Import businesses have complained that there are not enough dollars to pay for foreign-made foods as the country’s foreign reserves have fallen by two-thirds over the last 18 月, to $2.8bn (£2bn) 7月に.

People queue outside a supermarket in Colombo. Private banks have run out of foreign exchange to finance imports

Sri Lanka has been suffering from a devastating economic crisis only worsened by the pandemic, which struck the tourism industry that usually provides jobs for more than 3 百万人と約 12 per cent of GDP.

Its foreign exchange reserves have dwindled, hindering the country’s ability to repay large debt and forcing it to cut back on imports of farm chemicals, cars and even its staple spice, ターメリック.

歯ブラシのハンドル, いちご, お酢, wet wipes and sugar are also among the hundreds of foreign goods that have been banned or made subject to special licensing requirements – a move that is pushing prices up and triggering protests.

Sri Lanka’s foreign exchange reserves have fallen to barely enough to pay for three months of imports. The petroleum minister, Udaya Gammapila, recently said the country did not have enough cash to pay for oil imports either.

貴重な外国為替を節約するために, the government has limited US dollar transactions but despite this, 輸入は依然として国のお茶の輸出を上回っています, ゴム, シーフードと衣服.

APによる追加のレポート

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