Supreme Court to hear GOP lawmakers’ case to defend controversial voter ID law

Supreme Court to hear GOP lawmakers’ case to defend controversial voter ID law
Ruling in favour of North Carolina Republicans who want to join legal defense of strict voter ID law could give GOP lawmakers greater power to defend restrictive elections laws

アメリカ 最高裁判所 will hear arguments from Republican lawmakers in ノースカロライナ州 who want to join the legal defence of a controversial voter ID law 状態にあります, raising questions about which state officials can represent the state to defend such laws, and potentially shaping how partisan influence comes into play over state-level voting rights issues.

GOP legislators argue that the state’s Democratic attorney general, who is already defending the law on behalf of the state, does not adequately represent their interests and is not doing enough to defend the law, which the state’s governor opposes.

If the court rules in Republicans’ favour, it could give GOP lawmakers greater power to defend restrictive elections laws that undermine voting rights.

The nation’s high court announced on 24 11月 that it will grant a hearing in the dispute, which is “not about the underlying voter ID law itself, but about the ability of the state legislature to intervene in defending the law against challenges,」 according to Rick Hasen, professor of law and political science at the University of California, Irvine.

この場合, the debate is over whether the state’s Democrat officials – like the attorney general or governor – or the state’s GOP-controlled legislature get to speak for the state, despite their conflicting positions on the voter ID law itself.

に 2018, ノースカロライナ州の有権者は、世論調査でIDを要求する憲法改正を支持しました, and the law was enacted by a Republican supermajority in the state legislature following a veto override by Governor Roy Cooper, who is a Democrat.

法律では、有効な有権者IDを、州の運転免許証、州発行のID、または米国のパスポートとして定義しています。, but thousands of voters in the state lacked ID that would allow them to legally cast a ballot, によると 2015 analysis cited by appeals court judges.

North Carolina attorney general Josh Stein, who is also a Democrat, is charged with defending the law against a lawsuit brought by the NAACP.

State Republicans Philip Berger and Timothy Moore said there is a growing challenge “in divided government states where the executive branch may not be enthusiastic about defending the legislature’s handiwork,” according to court filings.

The attempt among GOP lawmakers to intervene follows a September appeals court ruling that struck down the law, which two state Superior Court judges have argued is “motivated at least in part by an unconstitutional intent to target African American voters”.

"他の, 投票者IDを要求する憲法改正を実施するという合法的な非人種的目的を達成するには、より制限の少ない有権者ID法で十分だったでしょう。, 不正防止, または有権者の信頼を高める,” they wrote in September.

裁判官は、この措置を支持した共和党員が意図的に人種差別主義者であるとは必ずしも信じていないと述べた。, しかし、共和党が「, 人種に基づく, were unlikely to vote for the majority party”.

「たとえ党派の終わりのために行われたとしても, 構成する[NS] 人種差別,” judges wrote.

ニューヨーク大学法学部のブレナン司法センターは、 11 有権者のパーセントは、投票用紙を投じるためにそれぞれの州で要求されているIDを持っていません.

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