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Estudar: Childhood obesity in U.S. accelerated during pandemic

Estudar: Childhood obesity in U.S. accelerated during pandemic
A new study ties the COVID-19 pandemic to an “alarming” increase in obesity in U.S. children and teenagers

A new study ties the COVID-19 pandemic to an “alarming” increase in obesity in U.S. children and teenagers.

Childhood obesity has been increasing for decades, but the new work suggests an acceleration last year — especially in those who already were obese when the pandemic started.

The results signal a “profound increase in weight gain for kids” and are “substantial and alarming,” said one of the study’s authors, Dr. Alyson Goodman of the Centros de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças

It’s also a sign of a vicious cycle. The pandemic appears to be worsening the nation’s longstanding obesity epidemic, and obesity can put people at risk for more severe illness after coronavirus infection.

The CDC on Thursday released the study, which is the largest yet to look at obesity trends during the pandemic.

It found:

—An estimated 22% of children and teens were obese last August, a partir de 19% a year earlier.

—Before the pandemic, children who were a healthy weight were gaining an average of 3.4 pounds a year. That rose to 5.4 pounds during the pandemic.

—For kids who were moderately obese, expected weight gain rose from 6.5 pounds a year before the pandemic to 12 pounds after the pandemic began.

—For severely obese kids, expected annual weight gain went from 8.8 pounds to 14.6 libras.

The rate of obesity increased most dramatically in kids ages 6 para 11, who are more dependent on their parents and may have been more affected when schools suspended in-person classes, os pesquisadores disseram.

The research was based on a review of the medical records of more than 432,000 kids and teens, ages of 2 para 19, who were weighed and measured at least twice before the pandemic and at least once early in the pandemic.

Some limitations: It only included children who got care before and during the pandemic, os pesquisadores disseram. And it also did not offer a look at how obesity trends may have differed between racial and ethnic groups.

No início desta semana, the CDC said the number of states in which at least 35% of residents are obese increased last year by four.

Delaware, Iowa Ohio e Texas joined the list. Dentro 2019, there were 12 states — Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Kansas Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Carolina do Sul, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

Those results was based on surveys where adults described their own height and weight, and are not as accurate as medical records.

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The Associated Press Health & Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. O AP é o único responsável por todo o conteúdo.