Arquivos de tags: Afeganistão

Afghanistan faces record hunger crisis as children starve to death in Kabul

Afghanistan faces record hunger crisis as children starve to death in Kabul
Over five million children are now just a step away from facing the effects of famine in the country

Pelo menos 14 million children are among 22.8 million people in Afeganistão who will suffer from an unprecedented food crisis this winter, an alarming new report has warned.

It represents a 35 per cent increase in the level of hunger compared to last year, according to UN data analysed by London-based aid organisation Save The Children.

O Talibã took control of Afghanistan in mid-August after the US pulled its troops out following a 20-year war. Desde então, the country has been pushed into a worsening humanitarian crisis.

Western countries and global financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund suspended their aid soon after the Taliban wrested control.

More than half the country’s population are now “marching to starvation” due to the ensuing political turmoil and the collapse of the country’s economy, David Beasley, executive director of the UN World Food Programme (WFP), told Reuters on Monday. This is almost double the figure of 14 million that was reported just two months ago.

More than five million children are now just a step away from facing the effects of famine, as the country struggles to cope with its worst-ever food crisis since records began.

Semana Anterior, eight children from a family lost their lives to starvation in western Aceitar, according to Save the Children. They were aged between 18 months and eight years old.

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) relatório, cited by Save the Children, found that more than one in two Afghans will be facing a crisis or emergency levels of acute food insecurity from next month and leading up to the March 2022 lean season.

“The situation is already desperate – we see young children in our clinics every day who are wasted from severe malnutrition because they have nothing but scraps of bread to eat. But when winter sets in we’re going to see more children going hungry than ever before,” Orlaith Minogue, senior conflict and humanitarian adviser at Save the Children, disse em um comunicado.

No início deste mês, the WFP warned that around a million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition, if they were not provided with treatment.

“Children are going to die, people are going to starve,” said Mr Beasley. “Things are going to get a lot worse. I don’t know how you don’t have millions of people, and especially children, dying at the rate we are going with the lack of funding and the collapsing of the economy. You’ve got to unfreeze these funds so people can survive.”

The WFP needs up to $220m (£160m) a month to partially feed the nearly 23 million people as winter approaches.

The US alone froze nearly $9.5bn (£6.9bn) in assets belonging to the Afghan central bank and stopped shipments of cash to prevent the Taliban from accessing the money.

Even prior to the Taliban takeover, Afghanistan had the second-greatest number of people facing emergency levels of hunger in the world. The situation in the past two months since the takeover, Contudo, has become so dire that families are selling off their possessions to buy food.

In September, the international community, at a conference in Geneva, pledged more than $1bn to support Afghanistan.