‘One thing we know about memory is that it doesn’t work like a recording device,’ says psychologist Elizabeth Loftus
As the trial of ギレーヌマクスウェル 続く, her lawyers have begun questioning a psychologist known for her expertise on “false memories”.
The defence will likely use Dr Loftus’ testimony to cast doubt on the accusations against Ms Maxwell and her former boyfriend, ジェフリーエプスタイン. Ms Maxwell has been charged with enabling Epstein for years as he sexually exploited underage girls. She denies the allegations and has pleaded not guilty.
Dr Loftus has a long resume as a witness. Her extensive research on the fallibility of human memory has made her extremely useful to lawyers trying to discredit accusations, especially those that rely on years-old recollections. She has previously appeared as a defence expert for ハーヴェイ・ワインスタイン, ロバート・ダースト, OJ Simpson, and Ted Bundy.
木曜日に, Ms Maxwell’s attorneys quickly made use of Dr Loftus’ expertise. After a memory is first formed, she told the court, it can be corrupted by outside information or “suggestion.”
“The media is a source of post-event suggestion,” Dr Loftus 証言.
The allegations against Ms Maxwell and Epstein have been heavily scrutinized by the news media, which the defence has been trying to use to its advantage.
Another opening the defence is exploring is the amount of time that has passed since the events described by Ms Maxwell’s accusers, many of which took place in the 1990s.
木曜日に, Dr Loftus testified that memories have three phases: acquisition, when they are initially formed; retention, when the memory is kept; and retrieval, when someone or something asks for the memory to be recalled. That act of deliberately remembering something, the psychologist said, can change the memory itself.
“We are actually constructing our memories while we retrieve memories,” Dr Loftus told the court.
一点に, the defence seemed to be on the verge of declaring all memories unreliable.
“Outside the laboratory, is there a way to prove that someone had an actual memory?” one of Ms Maxwell’s lawyers 尋ねた.
“Objection!” the prosecution shot back. It was sustained.