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テキサス国境にまたがるハイチ移民の選択肢は縮小

テキサス国境にまたがるハイチ移民の選択肢は縮小
The options remaining for thousands of Haitian migrants straddling the Mexico-Texas border are narrowing

The options remaining for thousands of Haitian migrants straddling the Mexico-Texas border are narrowing as the アメリカ government ramps up to an expected six expulsion flights to Haiti Tuesday and メキシコ began busing some away from the border.

より多い 6,000 Haitians and other migrants had been removed from an encampment at 川から テキサス, 我ら. officials said Monday as they defended a strong response that included immediately expelling migrants to their impoverished Caribbean country and faced criticism for using horse patrols to stop them from entering the town.

That was enough for some Haitian migrants to return to Mexico, while others struggled to decide on which side of the border to take their chances.

Marie Pierre, 43, stood on the Mexican side of the river as night fell with hundreds of other migrants unsure what to do. She said Border Patrol agents had separated her from her 19-year-old son in Texas and she didn’t know if he had been deported or not. She waited for a chance to charge her phone, hoping to get news from her sister and cousin in Florida.

“They told me he was an adult and couldn’t be with us,” she said of the moment they were separated.

Earlier Monday, Department of Homeland Security Secretary アレハンドロ・マヨルカス conceded it was a “challenging and heartbreaking situation,” but he issued a stark warning: 「米国に不法に来た場合, あなたは返されます. Your journey will not succeed, そして、あなたはあなたの人生とあなたの家族の人生を危険にさらすでしょう。」

Officials from Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission walked among the migrants signing up those interested in applying for asylum in Mexico. So far this year, より多い 19,000 Haitians have opted to do so, including some now at the border.

同時に, Mexican authorities were detaining some migrants. The first busloads pulled out Sunday and more empty buses arrived Monday.

Some humanitarian workers said Monday they had seen Mexican National Guard troops help immigration agents detain a group of 15 に 20 migrants in Acuña.

Mexico’s immigration agency did not immediately respond to a request for comment. But a federal official told The Associated Press on Sunday that the plan was to take the migrants to Monterrey, in northern Mexico, and Tapachula, in the south, with flights to Haiti from those cities to begin in coming days.

Authorities stopped some bus lines from operating in the state of Coahuila in an effort to force them not to carry migrants, said Luis Ángel Urraza, president of the local chamber of commerce.

He said the U.S. government’s decision to close the bridge connecting Ciudad Acuna and Del Rio was wearing on the city’s merchants who were counting the days until the migrant population dropped enough to reopen it.

Mayorkas and U.S. Border Patrol Chief Raul Ortiz said they would look into agents on horseback using what appeared to be whips and their horses to push back migrants at the river between Ciudad Acuña and Del Rio, a city of about 35,000 大まかに人 145 マイル (230 キロメートル) west of San Antonio where thousands of migrants remain camped around a bridge.

Later Monday, the Department of Homeland Security issued a statement calling the footage “extremely troubling” and promising a full investigation that would “define the appropriate disciplinary actions to be taken.”

Mayorkas said 600 Homeland Security employees, including from the Coast Guard, have been brought to Del Rio. He said he has asked the Defense Department for help in what may be one of the swiftest, large-scale expulsions of migrants and refugees from the United States in decades.

He also said the U.S. would increase the pace and capacity of flights to Haiti and other countries in the hemisphere. The number of migrants at the bridge peaked at 14,872 土曜日, said Brandon Judd, president of the National Border Patrol Council, a labor union that represents agents.

The rapid expulsions were made possible by a pandemic-related authority adopted by former President Donald Trump in March 2020 that allows for migrants to be immediately removed from the country without an opportunity to seek asylum. President Joe Biden exempted unaccompanied children from the order but let the rest stand.

Any Haitians not expelled are subject to immigration laws, which include rights to seek asylum and other forms of humanitarian protection. Families are quickly released in the U.S. because the government cannot generally hold children.

ハイチ人は米国に移住しています. 南アメリカから数年間大量に, many having left their Caribbean nation after a devastating 2010 地震. 仕事が枯渇した後 2016 リオデジャネイロの夏季オリンピック, 多くの人が徒歩で危険なトレッキングをしました, アメリカ行きのバスと車. 境界, 悪名高いダリエンギャップを含む, パナマのジャングル.

Some of the migrants at the Del Rio camp said the recent devastating earthquake in Haiti and the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse make them afraid to return to a country that seems more unstable than when they left.

“It’s not right,” said Haitian migrant Jean Philipe Samus. “The Americans are grabbing Haitians and deporting everyone to Haiti. Haiti has no president, no jobs, 何もない. In the earthquake a lot of people died. It’s not right over there, I’m going back to Mexico.”

But Mayorkas defended his recent decision to grant Haitians temporary legal status due to political and civil strife in their homeland if they were in the United States on July 29, but not to those being sent back now.

“We made an assessment based on the country conditionsthat Haiti could in fact receive individuals safely," 彼は言った.

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Lozano reported from Del Rio, テキサス, Verza reported from Ciudad Acuña, メキシコ, and Spagat from San Diego. Associated Press writers Felix Marquez in Ciudad Acuña, メキシコ, Danica Coto in San Juan, プエルトリコ, Evens Sanon from Port-au-Prince, ハイチ, and Tammy Webber in Fenton, ミシガン, このレポートにも貢献しました.

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Follow AP’s coverage of migration at http://apnews.com/hub/migration