持続可能な観光を促進するために無料の休日を提供するイタリアの集落へようこそ

持続可能な観光を促進するために無料の休日を提供するイタリアの集落へようこそ
The inhabitants of San Giovanni in Galdo had a unique idea: to harness their hospitality to revitalise the economy of the historic village in a sustainable way. Lucrezia Lozza reports

Tucked between the crystalline sea of the Adriatic coast, the hills of the backcountry and the Apennines, Molise is the second-smallest region of Italy and treasure trove of natural and artistic beauty. Hundreds of medieval villages are spread across the region’s green hills, their traditional buildings constructed out of stone in a landscape almost untouched by industrialisation.

One of these millennia-old villages is San Giovanni in Galdo. Like many other settlements in Molise, over the years it has suffered an emigration of its inhabitants, who left for richer areas of Italy or escaped abroad. 今, ただ 553 people live amid the village’s narrow cobbled alleys.

“In America alone there are 2,500 Sangiovannari,” says Stefano Trotta, president of the cultural association Amici del Morrutto, created in 2013 to promote the recovery and revitalisation of the old village. The name Morrutto is the dialect version of ‘muro rotto’, meaning ‘broken wall’, as an earthquake previously destroyed the walls of the settlement.

In pre-pandemic times, the association started organising a reunion to welcome a group of ‘Sangiovannari’ who resettled in North America back to their roots. Some of their grandparents emigrated during the First World War and never returned. 1月に, just when the village was ready to welcome back 70 of its expats, the pandemic broke out.

Amici del Morrutto postponed the reunion, but created something new for the summer. “We looked at each other and thought: ‘Why don’t we host families?’,” says Stefano. With the help of the municipality, they decided to offer free holidays in some of the old houses of the village, a tangible sign of Molise’s warm hospitality. And they built it in as part of a wider scheme called ‘Regalati il Molise – Gift yourself Molise’. 小さな, 地元, slow tourism is at the core of the project, which aims to create a hospitality network throughout the region’s historic villages by opening up abandoned houses, left empty for years due to depopulation, to tourists.

Molise’s countryside

Amici del Morrutto has since become an official member of the Rural Employability Network, a project developed by the Spanish Fundación Santa María la Real that brings together European organisations tackling unemployment and social exclusion in rural areas. “Our project can be replicated in other European rural areas to save them from dying and help their development,” says Stefano.

When it launched its free holiday scheme, San Giovanni in Galdo was, perhaps unsurprisingly, inundated with more than 9,000 requests from all over the world. They selected 240 人, sifting out those who were moved by a passion for slow travel, human contact and sustainability. When restrictions eased during the summer, tourists started arrive and liven up the village.

Now San Giovanni in Galdo has set itself a new challenge and will open its doors to visitors – for free, naturally – throughout the entire year. “We would like to dedicate some weekends to the territory and invite people to pick olives and grapes to make oil and wine,’” Stefano says.

A lot of people chose Molise as an unusual destination to get out of the trauma of the lockdown

Free of charge, visitors spend their holiday welcomed into the rooms of the local baronial palace, which once belonged to cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini – who later became Pope Benedict XIII in 1724. At the entrance, the cardinal’s coat of arms is a reminder of the village’s past, but the archeological treasures of San Giovanni in Galdo are rooted even further back in history. Just outside the hamlet stands the remains of a Samnites temple, dating to the 2nd century BC.

“A lot of people chose Molise as an unusual destination to get out of the trauma of the lockdown,” says Stefano. “Others wanted to rediscover their roots.” Some couples from Liguria, Rome and Lecce even asked to move to San Giovanni in Galdo permanently, won over by the slow-paced lifestyle of the village.

The idea is to let tourists make a stronger connection with nature, taste genuine local products, and experience the hospitality of the villagers. Visitors were invited for dinner at locals’ houses, while the local café offered them complimentary breakfasts and coffees. As a springboard for the sustainable development of the whole region, Regalati il Molise spearheaded a collaboration with local farmers.

San Giovanni in Galdo’s centre

“Once a week, we asked tourists to stay with us in the village,” says Stefano. “We showed them our traditions, welcomed them with the folkloristic group, and then in the evening we got together for dinner and ate the products of the region.”

Molise is a joy for the palate: it offers cheeses, トリュフ, locally harvested olive oil, and wines. ‘Tintilia’ red grapes are Molise’s signature variety.

Only local products are allowed on the table of U vettare du Merrutte, the small local family-run tavern of the village. Lucia Sassani is the chef, and her trademark is pizza e minestra, a dish made with wild herbs and a local kind of wheat, grano Agostinello. Lucia has banned frozen products from her kitchen; everything comes from the territory and the vegetables are often harvested directly by her, or other local producers. A homely atmosphere reigns under the stone barred vaulted ceilings of her restaurant, and around good meals, good relationships sparked.

The traditional ‘Pizza e minestra’ dish served at Lucia Sassani

Tourists have forged deep relationships with Lucia and her husband as part of the scheme. “They called us during the following months to ask how we were doing," 彼女は言いました. “They remained in our hearts and we stayed in theirs.”

As the vaccine rollout continues and the world opens up, San Giovanni in Galdo’s unique brand of free hospitality and slow, local tourism could be just what holidaymakers need to ease them back in.

Find out more about the scheme at morrutto.com

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